Physical therapy refers to passive and a combination of passive and active treatments performed using special equipment to break through the cycle of pain. Physical therapy consists of manual therapy, physical therapeutic exercises, physical modalities, special modalities, traction, electrical stimulation and home exercises.
Physical modalities include:
Thermotherapy using heat packs, ultrasound, short wave diathermy, microwave diathermy and also cold
Light therapy using ultraviolet radiation
Electrotherapy using transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and iontophoresis